The main reason for coming to Canberra are museums and national institutions that can be visited: the most important are the National Gallery along with the impressive New Parliament House, which opened in 1988 and without doubt one of the major tourist attractions, whose original architecture intended confused with the landscape
Capital of Australia
Europeans conquered Canberra in 1824, and in 1908 was designated the capital of Australia. The American architect Walter Burley Griffin won an international competition for the design of the new city. The construction began in 1913, but were interrupted by World War I. The national parliament was moved from Melbourne where he stayed from 1901 to be permanently installed in Canberra in 1927. The number of city dwellers increased rapidly after World War II. The population in 1999 (the metropolitan area of the city) was 309,900 inhabitants.
The modern Canberra is above all a city officials and administrators.
Canberra has achieved its independence quite recently, and only his Parlamientary Triangle remains under federal control; the responsibilities of self-involved that have made tourism revenues have great significance.In fact, the main reason for coming to Canberra are museums and national institutions that can be visited: the most important are the National Gallery along with the impressive New Parliament House, which opened in 1988 and without doubt one of the major tourist attractions, whose original architecture was intended to be confused with the landscape.
Attractions of the city
However, the creators of the city were not so confused, and Canberra is much more pleasant to what is generally believed. The city has wide open spaces and many parks and gardens, with an impressive architecture that houses national institutions located in a very caring surroundings, so much so that the grass could walk from the National Gallery to the National Library relax while contemplating the eucalyptus . Just outside the entrance stretch forests and Bushland (thick forest), with the forest a little further, in the mountains and Brindabella National Park Namagdi; skiing in the Snowy Mountains or surf on the coast just a few few hours. To enjoy the city needed a car, as places of interest are very scattered, especially on weekends (when many residents leave the city and stays empty) public transport is very limited. Notice that the dispersed nature of the city allows you to easily park your car, often free, in the main tourist sites. Move by bike is very common, and renting a bike-to leverage the excellent network of bicycle lanes is highly recommended.
The nightlife in Canberra, at least during the university course, is rather better than we expected: the two universities (and the Duntroon Military Academy for officers) make the university population is large and lively (good news for those who have student card, as most of the facilities they offer significant discounts). It is said to be the Australian city with more restaurants per capita (which means something), and that there are many pubs and night clubs to choose from. Many, however, are hiding in dark corners of the city or in satellite cities. It is perhaps surprising that Canberra holds the dubious title of pornography capital of Australia because of its permissive liberal laws that legalize and regulate the sex industry.
Canberra, being a city built on a plane, is a place that is easy target, although the distances are so great that only you can walk through the center, and even this will be a test to know their physical state. Lake Burley Griffin, 11 km wide, says the heart of the city, with different and interesting places to its shores, both north and south. North of the lake is the center of the city proper, the Civic Center, or "Civic" as it is called, with shops, restaurants, cafes, pubs, cinemas and tearooms, and the central post office (General Post Office) and the tourist information office.
The campus of the Australian National University (ANU) is located west of downtown in the suburb of Acton, where you will find the National Film and Sound Archive. Traveling in Acton, will reach the National Botanic Gardens are located at the side of Black Mountain, 806 meters, topped by the characteristic Telecom Tower and one of the scattered parts of Canberra Nature Park.
At the center is located east of the Australian War Memorial, looking solemnly Anzac Parade, populated on both sides of monuments up to the Parliamentary Triangle, south of the lake, with the former House of Parliament, from which the currency is New Parliament House on Capital Hill. This political district, connected to downtown by the bridge Commonwealth Avenue Bridge, is home to government offices and the national cultural institutions, and is part of Canberra with greater architectural interest. Facing the lake, along the King Edward Terrace, was built four impressive modern public buildings: the National Library, Questacon (the national center for science and technology), the National Gallery and the High Court.